Pentecost is a common religious holiday celebrated throughout Europe, including Germany. It is also known as Whitsun or Whit Sunday.
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Whit Sunday is celebrated on the 50th day of the Easter season and is the culmination of the Easter cycle that starts with the Ash Wednesday of Lent. The celebrated date changes each year depending on what date Easter Sunday falls on, but is typically observed in late May or early June.
The celebration revolves around Pentecost, also referred to as the birthday of the Church, an event celebrated by Christians marking when the holy spirit came down on the apostles and disciples. The event is celebrated mainly by the Roman Catholic church.
Celebrations vary depending on what part of Germany you visit. It’s not uncommon to see areas of the country decorated in beautiful red flowers to signify the fire of the holy spirit, as well as birch branches, with birch often associated with both the planting of the Pentecost tree as well as the Pentecost wreath.
In Berlin, Whit Sunday also corresponds with the Carnival of Cultures parade.